Download Authoritarian El Salvador: Politics and the Origins of the by Erik Ching PDF

By Erik Ching

In December 1931, El Salvador’s civilian president, Arturo Araujo, was once overthrown in an army coup. Such an occasion was once infrequently specific in Salvadoran historical past, however the 1931 coup proved to be a watershed. Araujo have been the nation’s first democratically elected president, and even though not anyone may have foreseen the end result, the coup ended in 5 a long time of uninterrupted army rule, the longest run in glossy Latin American historical past. moreover, six weeks after coming to strength, the recent army regime oversaw the crackdown on a peasant uprising in western El Salvador that's one of many worst episodes of state-sponsored repression in glossy Latin American historical past. Democracy wouldn't go back to El Salvador till the Nineteen Nineties, and basically then after a brutal twelve-year civil struggle. In Authoritarian El Salvador: Politics and the Origins of the army Regimes, 1880-1940, Erik Ching seeks to provide an explanation for the origins of the army regime that got here to strength in 1931. in response to his accomplished survey of the extant documentary list in El Salvador’s nationwide archive, Ching argues that El Salvador was once typified through a longstanding culture of authoritarianism relationship again to the early- to mid-nineteenth century. the fundamental constructions of that approach have been in response to patron-client relationships that wove neighborhood, nearby, and nationwide political actors into complicated webs of rival patronage networks. Decidedly nondemocratic in perform, the approach however exhibited hugely paradoxical characteristics: it remained steadfastly unswerving to elections because the mechanism during which political aspirants bought workplace, and it hired a political discourse weighted down with appeals to liberty and loose suffrage. That mixing of nondemocratic authoritarianism with populist reformism and rhetoric set the precedent for army rule for the following fifty years.

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